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Course Description

Animal Science 

AGA 211         Introduction to animal science
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of the general principles and
                        Concepts of animal science of animal science which are important in
                        Basic animal production
Content:          Introduction to animal husbandry and livestock industry in Southern
                        Africa; types and breeds of farm livestock; evolution, origin,
                        Characteristics and usefulness. Regionalization of livestock
                        nutritional aspects, and maintenance, production energy and other
                        requirements, roughage, sweet and sour veld; fresh milk; beef, sheep,
                        pig and poultry regionalization. Terminology definitions used in
                        describing animals. Environment and adaptability. Basic principles of
                        animals’ production; reproduction, bone growth, development
                        and growth, compensation growth and milk secretion. Production
                        and management practice of dairying, beef, pigs, horses, sheep and
                        goats.
Pre-requisite:   AGF 121 or BIO 111 + BIO 121 or PAC 110

AGA 221        Principle of Animal Nutrition
Purpose:         To provide learners with an understanding of the general
                        principles and concepts of animal nutrition.
Contents:        Introductory fundamentals of animal nutrition;
                        the necessary nutrients and their general metabolism; an
                        understanding of nutritive requirements for metabolic processes
                        and productive functions, and of the nutritive values of relevant
                        Southern African feedstuffs. Theoretical aspects and computation
                        of balanced rations for farm livestock.
Pre-requisite:   AGA 211

AGA 321         Animal Nutrition
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of nutrition ruminant and
                         Monogastric animals.
Content:           Fundamentals of animal nutrition; nutrients and their metabolism; the    measurement
                         of body requirements and feed values; nutritive requirement for body processes and
                         productive functions; nutritional properties of miscellaneous Southern African
                         feedstuffs.
Pre-requisites:  AGA 211 and AGV 221

AGA 322         Animal Breeding
Purpose:          To provide learners with necessary knowledge base and insight on how to design a
                         breeding plan.
Content:           Breeding background genotypic and phenotypic variations, heritability, and
                         repeatability. Selection and selection techniques and factors affecting the efficiency
                         of selection. Mating systems. Breeding plans for dairy and beef cattle and pigs and
                         other spices.
Pre-requisite:    AGA312

AGA 411         Poultry production
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of poultry production and management.
Content:          The poultry industry in Southern Africa. The evaluation and classification of breeds
                         together with characteristics of utility value.
                         Reproduction, production of eggs and meat and the influences of environmental and
                         genetic factors on production. Rearing systems and flock management and
                         marketing of poultry products; Health considerations.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 321

AGA 412       Dairy Science and Technology
Purpose:         To provide learners with understanding of South African dairy industry and its
                        products.
Content:          Historical survey and present position of the dairy industry. The composition of
                        milk and dairy by-products and handling considerations. Dairy chemistry,
                        microbiology, technology and production hygiene in the manufacture of dairy
                        products.
Pre-requisite:  MIC 211

AGA 413        Animal Production Systems
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of management principles of beef     and
                        dairy cattle and pig production.
Content:          Bovine and pig production systems: Dairy, beef and pig industries (reproduction,
                         rearing, general management) (intensive and extensive schemes), nutritional,
                         production and marketing considerations, and environmental influences.
                         Applications in developing territories. Work animals: Training, management and
                         handling of equines and oxen; role in agriculture with special emphasis on developing
                         agriculture. Game farming.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 321

AGA 414         Seminar in Animal Science
Purpose:          To develop the necessary skills involved in the reviewing of literature, the writing of
                         scientific article and delivery of an oral presentation.
Content:           The student is required to prepare and present orally a seminar on a topic under the
                         supervision of academic staff.
Pre-requisites:   AGW 211

AGA 421       Meat Science
Purpose:        To provide learners with an understanding of the quality requirements of meat.
Content:         Production and consumption of meat. Structure of meat; Historically; colour and
                       chemistry. Quality requirements and standards with factors influencing quality;
                       tenderness, colour, fat colour, hardness of fat, marbling, flavour, growth and carcass
                       ratios. Carcass evaluation and dressing percentage. Treatment of meat and meat
                       animals; meat as a human food, slaughter methods. Seedy, cut in pork. Skinning of
                       hides and skins.
Pre-requisite:  AGA 211 + AGV 221

AGA 422     Project in Animal Science
Purpose:       To provide learners with the necessary knowledge base and insight on how to design a
                      research plan and conduct a small research project.
Content:       The student is required to participate actively in a selection project involving animal
                      production, the results of which are to be presented in the form of a scientific
                      dissertation.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 413

AGA 423         Special Topics in Animal
Purpose:           To provide learners with an insight into livestock science through the reviewing of
                         selected research papers.
Content:           A study of research papers on selected topics of Animal Science.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 413

AGA 424         Seminar in Animal Science
Purpose:          To help the learners develop the necessary skills involved in the reviewing of
                         literature, the writing of a scientific article and the delivery of an oral presentation.
Content:          The student is required to prepare and present orally a seminar on a topic under the
                         supervision of academic staff. Must be preceded by AGA 414.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 414

Animal Health

AGV 221         Anatomy and Physiology
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of the anatomy and physiology of farm
                         animals.
Content:          The anatomy and physiology of farm animals, histology and embryology. Emphasis
                         placed on normal development and function to provide a background for the animal
                         Health and Animal Science courses.
Pre-requisite:    BIO111 + BIO121

AGV 321         Elementary Animal Health
Purpose:          To provide learners with an understanding of applied animal health practices.
Content:          Practical calculation and services in connection with dips, worm drugs and vaccines,
                        an understanding of applied animal health practices e.g. dozing, injecting, castrating,
                        blood sampling, etc. The recognition and treatment of important livestock diseases
                        and plant poisoning; understanding the meaning and importance of hygiene.
Pre-requisite:    AGA 211

AGV 322       Animal Health: Non-Infectious Diseases
Purpose:        To provide learners with the necessary knowledge base and insight into the pathology
                       of diseases caused by non-infectious means that affect animals.
Content:         Clinical and pathological examination of farm animals. Some examples of the most
                       important medical, surgical and gynecological conditions of farm animals, giving
                       etiology, course treatment and prophylaxis.
Pre-requisite:    AGV 221

AGV 411      Animal Health: Infectious Diseases
Purpose:       To provide learners with necessary knowledge base and insight to be able to diagnose
                      specific diseases in a livestock enterprise. The most important diseases of farm
                     animals cased by specific agents, dealing with the biology of these agents, occurrence,
                      symptoms produces in life and after death, the treatment of animals suffering from
                      these diseases, preventative measures and Government Regulations concerning
                      diseases.
Pre-requisite:    AGV 322


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